Cougars are a type of large cat that is found in South America. They are also known as pumas, mountain lions, or panthers. A male cougar can weigh up to 200 pounds, while a female can weigh up to 140 pounds.

Wildcats can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, mountains, and deserts. Although adult male catamounts in British Columbia range in weight from 86.4 to 95.5 kg (190 and 211 lbs), adult male cougars in the province weigh an average of 56.7 kg (125 lbs), and adult female cougars weigh 45.4 kg (100 lbs).

Fun Facts About Cougars

  • The cougar can leap up to 18 feet high.
  • The cougar can run up to 50 miles per hour.
  • The cougar has sharp claws and teeth.
  • Cougar is considered a nocturnal animal.
  • The cougar is found in the Americas.
  • The scientific name for a cougar is Felis concolor.
  • Cougars are solitary animals and typically only come together to mate.
  • They are the fourth largest cats in the world.
  • Cougars can leap twenty five feet!

Cougar Appearance

Cougars have long, muscular bodies and short tails. They are tan or brown and have black spots on their faces. Cougars have large paws and sharp claws. They also have excellent night vision and can run up to 50 miles per hour. They are a type of large cat that is found in the Americas.

The second-largest cat in the Americas is the cougar, sometimes known as a puma, mountain lion, or panther. This mountain lion is an ambush predator and typically hunts by stalking its prey before pouncing on it. However, the cougar cannot roar as other big cats can. The big cat, though, purrs like a domestic cat.


House cats and panthers have similar body types. However, panthers are much larger. They have round heads with pointed ears, thin bodies, and. From head to tail, they range from 5 to 15 m (15 to 27 feet). Males can weigh up to 68 kg (150 lbs), while the maximum weight for females is about 45 kg (100 lbs.).

The cougar has a coat that ranges in hue from greyish brown to reddish, with lighter areas on the underside. There is a black patch at the end of the tail.

Cougar Behavior

Cougars are solitary animals and typically only come together to mate. Cougar is protective of their young and will stay with them for up to two years. Cougars are good swimmers and climbers. They are also proficient hunters and have been known to take down animals as large as elk.

The cougar is a primarily lonesome species, like almost all cats. Adults rarely interact in groups; only moms and kittens do. Despite being solitary animals in general, they may trade kills with one another and appear to group together in tiny settlements bounded by dominant males’ domains.

Cats in these places interact with one another more often than they do with strangers. While male home ranges may overlap or include females, they do not, at least where research has been done, include those of other males. Females’ home ranges slightly overlap. With their hind feet, males make scrapes made of leaves and duff, marking them with pee and occasionally stool.

Panthers use various voice inflections to communicate. Growls, spits, snarls, and hisses are examples of aggressive sounds—Estrus females yowl or caterwaul during the mating season to attract cougars, while the males respond vocally. Whistles, chirps, and meows are communication methods used by mothers and immature.

Cougar Habitat

This mountain lion can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, mountains, and deserts. In North America, they are most commonly found in the western United States and Canada. The cougar inhabits various sorts of forests, lowland and mountainous deserts, open spaces with minimal vegetation, and habitats up to an altitude of 5,800 m. (19,000 ft).


It favors rocky rims, deep valleys, and escarpments in the Santa Ana Mountains. It was discovered in the Sierra of San Carlos in Mexico. In the El Eden Ecological Reserve on the Yucatán Peninsula, it lives in secondary and semi-deciduous woods. In El Salvador, it was discovered in 2019 in a river basin above 700 meters (2,300 feet) in the Morazán Department and lower montane forest in Montecristo National Park.

It was observed in a palm oil plantation in a riparian forest in Colombia’s Llanos Basin and near water features in the Magdalena. It resides in bushland with various prey species and abundant foliage cover in the central Argentina region’s altered topography.

What Do Cougars Eat?

Cougars are carnivores and typically hunt deer, elk, and moose. They will also eat smaller animals, such as rabbits and rodents. In addition, cougars will sometimes scavenge carcasses left by other predators.

Cougar typically hunts alone. They stalk their prey and then pounce on it, killing it with a single bite. The cougar is also known to hunt in groups, which is rare among large cats.

Cougar Predators

Cougar has few natural predators. Young cougars may be killed by other large animals, such as bears, predators, or other cougars. Adult cougars are rarely attacked except by humans. Cougars are hunted by humans for their fur and meat. They are also killed in large numbers to protect livestock and people.

In some areas, cougars are considered nuisance beasts and are killed as a result. Cougar populations have declined sharply due to hunting and habitat loss. Today, they are listed as a species of concern in many parts of North America.


During the winter, the grey wolf and cougar compete more directly for prey. Wolf packs have been known to kill, and they have been known to steal their prey. According to one story, a female cougar and her kids were allegedly murdered by a huge pack of seven to eleven buzzards. In contrast, a 2-year-old male cougar was discovered dead in Sun Valley, Idaho, likely the victim of a wolf group.

On the other hand, cat dominance in one-on-one encounters is more common, and numerous reported instances of wolves being ambushed and killed, including adult male specimens. The dominance of territory and possibilities for prey, as well as the disruption of the feline’s behavior, have a larger impact on cougar population dynamics and dispersion.

For instance, preliminary research in Yellowstone indicates that wolves have driven out panthers. According to them, they are not at ease around their kills or raising cougar kittens while a pack is nearby. The cougar is a hyper carnivorous opportunist. They prefer large creatures, including mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, moose, mountain goats, and bighorn sheep. They will take smaller prey like rodents, lagomorphs, smaller carnivores, birds, and even domestic animals like pets when the opportunity arises.

In places nearer the equator, the mean weight of vertebrate cougar prey is lower and increases with body weight. According to a scientific report, ungulates, particularly deer, made up 68% of the prey in North America. Only the Florida panther displayed variety, frequently preferring armadillos and feral hogs.

Cougar Reproduction and Lifespan

Cougars mate in the spring and summer. Females give birth to two to three cubs at a time. The cubs are born blind and helpless, and they stay with their mother for up to two years. Cougars typically live 10 to 12 years in the wild. In captivity, they can live up to 20 years.



The conservation status of catamounts varies depending on where they are found. In North America, they are listed as a species of concern. This means that they are not currently in danger of extinction but could become so in the future.

Although it is challenging to stop habitat loss or its repercussions, there are several ways you may contribute. First, you can influence your government officials to add the cougar to the list of protected species. This will make it illegal to harm or capture catamounts unless they constitute a threat. Since Proposition 117 was passed in California in 1990, this law has been in force.

You can also write to your congresspersons to urge them to support the preservation of open space so that cougars can continue to live in a viable environment. Moreover, you can make a direct donation to the Mountain Lion Foundation.

As safety measures, do not hike or jog alone in cougar country because panthers rarely approach groups of people. Keep everyone together while traveling in groups, including kids and dogs. Pets should be on leashes. While trekking, make noise to let cougars know you are there.

In North America during the past century, there have been 126 reported assaults, 27 of which resulted in fatalities. Deadly cougar attacks are less frequent than deadly snake bites, fatal lightning strikes, or fatal bee stings. Children are especially at risk.

We sincerely hope you enjoyed this article and that it has benefited you learn more about cougars. In case you have something to say, do share your views with us in the comment box below!

Cody Mitchell
Cody Mitchell is a pet lover and a passionate pet writer. He has worked as a professional writer for over 6 years, with a focus on creating compelling content for pet-related brands. His work has been featured in major publications. When he's not writing, Cody can be found playing with his two dogs (a labradoodle and a cocker spaniel) or cuddling his cat.

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