Doberman Pinscher – Facts, Health and Care


Have you ever thought about owning a ferocious, grim breed of dogs that you can walk (or who can walk you) at night without a feeling of fear in the world?

If you just said yes, then it might be easy to guess some of the dogs that may have crossed your mind: Rottweilers, German Shepherds, and… we guessed it, Dobermann Pinschers!

Even in films, books, and TV, the Doberman Pinscher is shown as the archetypal dog breed: fierce, guarding, aggressive, and everything you don’t want to mess with.

But you would be delighted to know some of the lesser known – yet equally quintessential – personality traits of this dog breed that might make it your next purchase.

Doberman Pinscher

About the Breed

Doberman Pinschers, often called a Doberman or simply Dobe, give off a regal aura with their upstanding posture, watchful gaze, and agile demeanor.

The dog’s ears are erect and cropped, and they support a slim and sleek look with short coats of shiny black, red, or other rusty-colored furs. The healthy weight of a Doberman Pinscher ranges between sixty to a hundred pounds.

Unlike other dogs of many breeds, the Doberman breed is actually fairly low-maintenance and needs minimal grooming – owing to their good shedding nature. The lifespan of a Doberman varies greatly depending on different factors, but the average age of a generally healthy, ideal dog is about ten to twelve years.

Used exclusively as guard dogs, for military work, in police, therapy, and in other forms of sports, the breed of Doberman Pinschers is popular for its power, intelligence, and valiance. However, that is not all there is to this dog breed.

The same breed of a Doberman can be highly sweet and saccharine with people, given that it is properly socialized. It takes special nurturing and training for a Doberman Pinscher to make it the best of its kind.

However, once you have invested the proper time and effort into raising one, Doberman puppies can blossom into fully formed, fun-loving, capable, and healthy dogs.

doberman strong

Their agility makes them a perfect play partner for different canine sports such as dock diving, fly ball, and obedience training. Doberman Pinschers are very sociable, affectionate, and fiercely loyal to their owners.

Even though some Doberman Pinschers choose to commit their faithfulness to just the owner, most can become very loving and receptive toward children and other family guardians if they are raised around them.

History of the Doberman Pinscher

Although no one can claim to know for sure, Dobermann Pinschers are thought to have been originally bred from a number of pre-existing, related dog breeds like English Greyhound, German Pinscher, and Shepherds of short coat length in the late seventeenth century.

Named after the German tax collector who first developed the breed, Louis Dobermann, the Doberman Pinscher dog was first selected by him to escort on his business rounds.

This set the tone for its later usage in similar backgrounds, such as a guard dog. Doberman Pinscher was also the first among dog casualties in World War II.

The Doberman dog first got registered with the American Kennel Club in 1908. It is believed by the American Kennel Club that breeds like Rottweiler, Black and Tan Terrier, and the German Pinscher were used to develop Doberman Pinscher. The word “Pinscher” was later dropped.

how long do dobermans live

A little over a decade later, the Doberman Pinscher Club of America – an exclusive Pinscher breed club – was founded to promote the popularity and purity of this dog breed. Since then, the Doberman Pinscher club has promoted its versatile use in scouting, guiding, and message delivery.

Doberman Pinscher Terrier Facts

This potential pet of yours might contain more fun surprises than you would have guessed…

Having both a splendid physique and a sharp mind, here are some sweet and fun facts about the Doberman Pinscher dog that might just seal the deal for you.

  • A Doberman Pinscher dog is a highly responsive and easily adaptable animal. Good and proper training can turn this pup into your perfect companion.
  • They are some of the most loving and fun canine partners. This (again) depends on the proper upbringing and socialization of the dog at a young age.
  • Owing to their versatility and wide array of skills, these Dobermanns can be highly vigilant and fearless, making them one of the finest protection dogs in the world. Their daunting appearance will put off every intruder.
  • Mental stimulation is of utmost importance for smart creatures such as a Doberman Pinscher dog. Being highly intelligent, they tend to bore easily and become indolent. Rigorous physical exercise and companionship can prevent them from spiraling into restlessness and other behavior problems.
  • They are extremely good at dog sports, such as ring sports, lure coursing, nose works, and dock diving. Dobermanns are also very good jumpers, with some of them reaching several feet in the air with one jump.
  • Although considered to be intimidating, a Doberman Pinscher dog is usually aloof and harmless towards strangers or people that it perceives to be not a threat. It might even be lax towards the idea of a few gentle pats if one is lucky enough (you can never know with these creatures…!)

Doberman Pinscher Appearance

Doberman Pinscher has rightly earned its place as one of the most protective and defensive canine creatures. You can never mistake a Doberman Pinscher for its sleek muscular body. A Pinscher possesses fine features that give it the characteristic ‘Doberman’ look.

An average Doberman has a stout head resting on a long, stiff neck. The brawny body gives them a strong, athletic look that is often associated with them. The rust markings on the face and the rest of the body just add to its grace and poise.

doberman size

The signature cropped ears standing erect were designed specially to better pick up on the sounds around them. The docking tail perfectly complements the rest of the body to give it a streamlined look.

And last but not least, the glistening black and red coats are bound to seal your gaze (and the deal) that will make it impossible not to buy this canine beauty! Owing to their undeniable charm, our Doberman shirts are always a big hit among dog enthusiasts. Have a look to believe and see how they capture the essence of this majestic dog.


The size of a Doberman Pinscher dog varies greatly depending upon different factors. The dog’s age, sex, and general health conditions can affect the size significantly.

However, when given proper time and care, Doberman males and females can grow up to 26-28 inches or 24-26 inches, respectively. Some nutritional and even genetic health problems can also impact the height and weight of an individual dog.

There are some dog foods that can help substantially boost the size of your beloved canine. Generally, protein-rich foods such as lamb, beef, and other types of meat are highly recommended.


As is the case with the height or the general size of a Pinscher dog, weight can also alter greatly by different factors like age, sex, genetic and nutritional conditions, etc.

According to the experts, a typical Doberman should weigh between forty to forty-five kilograms for males and thirty to thirty-five kilograms for females. The weight difference between the male and female dogs can be accounted for on the basis of their different genetic and structural makeup.

doberman strong

However, too much deviance from the average weight is concerning, and you should consult medical experts to make proper changes in your dog’s dietary habits and physical activities.


All Dobermans are recognizable with their shiny coat of black, brown, and red.

Most Dobermanns have a short, thick coat closer to their skin, but some dogs can also have an even thicker undercoat beneath. The short yet shining fur of your Dobie glistening in the sun is such a delight to see!


Dobermans come in all sizes, heights, and colors. Even though the usual coat color associated with a typical Dobie is black or brown, you would be delighted to know that there are more colors to them than that!

Dobies come in different colors and types, and it’s good to do your due diligence before picking the one you like.

Some of the lesser-known colors of Doberman Pinscher are black & rusty, red & rust, blue & rust, melanistic red, melanistic black, fawn & rust, melanistic blue, melanistic fawn, white, and even albino Dobermanns! (Now, just how cute is that).

Doberman Pinscher Temperament and Personality

Dobermann Pinscher might just be one of the most stereotyped dog species out there. Their “mess and you regret it” aura oozing from their appearance might have a thing or two to do with it…

But doing your due diligence and forming a unique opinion about these nuanced creatures will help you get prepared beforehand.

Doberman Pinschers are one of the most fearless and strongest canine breeds. With physical prowess like none other, these bad boys have been trained and utilized in the gravest of situations, from secret police raids to escorting military personnel.

They are strong, both physically and mentally. Owing to this trait, providing them with regular mental and physical stimulation is one of your basic tasks as a Dobie mom or dad.

It would come as no surprise to learn that Dobermans also have a proclivity towards becoming pushy, aggressive, and destructive if not tended to for long periods.

Another striking feature of these animals is their sharp intelligence. They are not all about the brawn! Dobermans are highly intelligent and responsive creatures – in fact, one of the smartest dogs out there.

are dobermans good dogs

The things that make their brainpower stand out are their exceptional instinctual and observational skills. Capable of perceiving the minutest of threats imminently in any situation, these dogs are some of the most sentient beings out there…

So much so that they are ranked as the fifth smartest dog species in working intelligence!

A Doberman puppy can be a highly playful creature and would require daily playtime. According to Doberman experts, these dogs can be ranked three out of five on the playfulness scale.

Their primary modus operandi when it comes to forming bonds and communication is by indulging in play. They can play with just about anything, whether it is soft toys, interactive toys, a game of tug of war, fetch, or even a searching game. It really depends upon the temperament of your dog and its personal preferences.

Doberman Pinschers are one of the most formidable dog species when it comes to safeguarding. Having a high response rate to any threat or danger, they are capable of going into attack mode in the face of any perceived threatening situation. This courage and alertness make them your personal little bodyguard.

They may also not react well to strange dogs, so it is better to start socializing them from an early age.

The Doberman Pinscher holds the unique position of being one of the few breeds that were designed specifically for human companionship. Since their inception, these dogs know how to accompany, protect, and love their humans. This makes them a highly trainable dog breed.

Doberman Pinscher Health and Care

Like with every other breed, Doberman also requires constant care if you want a healthy dog.


Besides having generally good physical health and metabolism, there are a few genetic conditions that this breed is especially prone to and may require a visit to the vet.

Some of these genetic conditions include hip dysplasia, dilated cardiomyopathy (also known as an enlarged heart muscle), albinism, Cervical Vertebral Instability (CVI), and Von Willebrand’s disease. Most of these diseases are actually heart or cardiovascular problems, and if not treated, may lead to heart failure.

doberman health

Dobermanns are also likely to bloat, which may result in gastric dilatation volvulus. This condition appears suddenly and can prove to be fatal. You should look for signs of pain, restlessness, drooling, or pale gums.

CVI, also known as Wobbler’s syndrome, is caused by vertebrae malformation. It leads to pressure on the spinal cord, lack of coordination, and neck pain.

There are also a few conditions and skin allergies that a Doberman’s delicate skin is disposed to. Some genetic skin problems that this breed is susceptible to are canine acne and canine generalized demodicosis, so choose grooming products wisely.

In order to make sure your beloved Dobie is not at risk of any such disease, you should see a vet to get annual tests – especially for heart diseases. Checking for Von Willebrand’s disease is also extremely important to make sure your dog is not affected or a carrier.


Another factor that you might wanna consider before buying a dog is the maintenance cost of it. Of course, high-maintenance breeds are more difficult to tend to, and they might cost you some bucks at the veterinarian every now and then.

Well, in that case, you would be delighted to know that Doberman Pinschers are, in fact, one of the most low-maintenance breeds out there!

Their short furs don’t need daily grooming, and they can make do with weekly brushing using a brush or a grooming mitt. They also have a good shedding nature. They do shed in order to maintain their fur quality, but not as much as other long-haired dogs.

Try keeping their nails trimmed and using good natural grooming products regularly, and you will do just fine in keeping your dog clean and hygienic.

Tail docking and ear cropping are illegal in some countries, but if permitted, the tail should be docked three days after birth and ears cropped a bit later. But make sure that a professional vet performs these procedures. Cropped ears require a lot of aftercare and can be painful.

Dobermanns are some of the most active and energetic dogs that require stimulation as well as companionship all the time. They prefer lively households, always bustling with activity. They require lots of physical exercises in order to keep healthy and fit.

Playtime is their favorite part of every day, as their metabolism requires a minimum of two hours of physical activity every twenty-four hours. But don’t worry, Dobies are not choosey at all when it comes to playing! There are plenty of ways to do that – from mental challenges to rallying to the good ole’ fetch.

Doberman Pinscher Training

doberman health issues

As you can probably guess by now, Dobermanns are actually one of the most sociable and people-oriented creatures in the whole canine kingdom! Raised and trained specifically to be man’s best friend, a Doberman Pinscher dog is easy to train and get along with.

They are intelligent and eager when it comes to learning and socialization. Active, reward-based training and mental stimulation are the best ways to keep a Doberman’s brain fit. Training classes are usually suggested to first-timers, as it can be a bit difficult to teach and train a dog on your own.

Dogs have a nature of being wilful, so you need to have a consistent attitude of being firm but fair towards them. As is the case with other dogs out there, Dobermann Pinscher should also not be left alone on their own for more than four hours.

Because Dobermanns get attached so strongly to one owner or family, they can also get destructive in their prolonged absence in order to show that they are unhappy.

You should expose your dog to different experiences, environments, other dogs, and other pets too, as they can get protective and possessive towards their own family.

It can be a little difficult to commit to a dog all day like that, so you should also have a helping hand like a friend or a dog-sitter who can show up when you need to pop out.


All in all, Doberman Pinscher is one of the most amazing and capable breeds in the whole world. Who would’ve thought that the notoriously grumpy Dobermanns could also be the furry babies that greet you eagerly at the door? We cannot emphasize enough the duality of this creature.

Known and revered for their formidable qualities like loyalty, alertness, intelligence, and power, Dobermanns are the number one choice of dog lovers who are lucky enough to share a portion of their life with it.

You can check out the National Breed Club or AKC Breed clubs to look for rescue shelters if you want to adopt a Doberman. If you don’t want to adopt, you can get a Doberman Pinscher from a responsible breeder.

It should be only fair to guess that by now, the decision has been made for you, and you have already decided on the color, type, and variant of the Doberman of your dreams…

So we hope that we’ve made it easy for you to close the deal and bring a small Dobie into your house to turn it into a lively, warm home!

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Cody Mitchell
Cody Mitchell is a pet lover and a passionate pet writer. He has worked as a professional writer for over 6 years, with a focus on creating compelling content for pet-related brands. His work has been featured in major publications. When he's not writing, Cody can be found playing with his two dogs (a labradoodle and a cocker spaniel) or cuddling his cat.

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